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CMD treatment

Chiropractic CHIROfamily

CMD treatment

Craniomandibular dysfunction, abbreviated as CMD, is an umbrella term for mostly painful disorders of the masticatory muscles and the temporomandibular joints. It is about 75% muscle pain and only 25% TMJ pain. Like the more common neck, shoulder and back pain, CMD belongs to the group of musculoskeletal pain. Women of fertile age up to menopause are predominantly affected, men to a lesser extent with the same age distribution. CMD in children is rare, with an increasing incidence during puberty and adolescence up to a peak age of about 40 years, and a decreasing incidence thereafter.

In addition to age and gender, numerous psychological factors have been identified as increasing the risk of CMD (anxiety disorder, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, etc.). At any given time, 3-10% of the population may experience symptoms of CMD, but most of these do not require treatment. Craniomandibular dysfunctions are usually benign and self-limiting, so they disappear on their own, so simply waiting is often sufficient for mild to moderate symptoms.

In the foreground are pains in the cheeks, temples and face. Muscle pain tends to be dull and difficult to localise, while temporomandibular joint pain usually has a bright, stabbing character and can be localised well in front of (or in) the ear. The second most important symptom can be restrictions in the mobility of the lower jaw.

CMD disappears in most sufferers even without therapy. For this reason, therapy should only serve to help patients get over the hump. If the patient suffers from CMD and is highly affected, a multi-modal pain therapy is advisable. Success can be recorded for almost all therapeutic approaches: the more one tries, the more effect can be recorded. The therapy should therefore be non-invasive, reversible and as simple and inexpensive as possible.

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